How to Start Rock Climbing

man wearing brown shirt mountain climbing at daytime

Rock climbing can be an exciting and challenging way to get exercise, enjoy the outdoors, and test your limits. But before you head to the nearest cliff face, it’s important to understand the basics of this exhilarating sport.

Tips on How to Start Rock Climbing

In order to become a successful rock climber, routines for climbing training are essential. A comprehensive training program will help you to gradually develop the strength, technique, and stamina needed to safely enjoy this thrilling activity. Here are a few tips on how to start rock climbing:

Choose the right type of climbing for you

There are two main types of rock climbing: bouldering and lead climbing. Bouldering is a form of rock climbing that is typically done without ropes or other safety gear, while lead climbing involves ascending a route while attached to a rope.

Get some professional help

If you’re new to rock climbing, it’s a good idea to seek out some professional help. There are many experienced climbers who can offer guidance on everything from choosing the right type of climbing for you to staying safe while you’re scaling a wall.

Invest in the proper gear

One of the most important things to do before you start rock climbing is to make sure you have the proper gear. This includes items like a climbing harness, shoes, chalk, and a rope (if you’re planning on lead climbing).

Start slow

When you’re first starting out, it’s important to take things slow. Don’t try to tackle an overly difficult route right off the bat. Instead, start with some easier climbs and work your way up.

Listen to your body

Climbing can be physically demanding, so it’s important to listen to your body and take breaks when you need them. If you start to feel fatigued, take a rest before continuing on.

Climbing Techniques

Once you have the proper gear and you’re feeling comfortable with the basics, it’s time to start working on your technique. Here are a few climbing techniques that will help you as you start to tackle more difficult routes:


Smearing is a technique that is used to climb on smooth surfaces. To do this, you place your foot on the wall and then push down, using your body weight to help you stick to the wall.


Jamming is a technique that is used to climb cracks or other small spaces. To do this, you place your hand or foot in the crack and then use your body weight to wedge yourself in.


Mantling is a technique that is used to pull yourself up onto ledges. To do this, you place your hands on the edge of the ledge and then use your arms to help pull your body up.

Common mistakes in Rock Climbing

As you start rock climbing, there are a few common mistakes that you’ll want to avoid. Here are a few of the most common mistakes made by beginner climbers:

Relying on your arms too much

One of the most common mistakes made by beginner climbers is relying too heavily on their arms. While your arms are important for helping you pull yourself up, they shouldn’t be doing all the work. Instead, use your legs to help drive you up the wall.

Not using your feet

Another common mistake is not using your feet enough. When you’re climbing, be sure to use your feet to help push yourself up the wall. This will take some of the strain off of your arms and help you to climb more efficiently.

Not paying attention to your grip

It’s also important to pay attention to your grip when you’re climbing. If you’re not careful, you can quickly tire out your arms by gripping the wall too tightly. Instead, try to maintain a loose grip and use your legs to help drive you up.

By following these tips, you’ll be well on your way to becoming a proficient rock climber. Just remember to take things slowly at first and to listen to your body. With some practice, you’ll be scaling walls in no time.

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